Monday, April 29, 2019

Big cats of Gir facing a big problem: 26 lions and 5 cubs might never be released back into the wild

Wildlife experts say not just cubs, but adult lions too may find it difficult to adapt to forest environment back again after such a prolonged stay in captivity.

The authorities have not yet set a date for the release of the captive lions and cubs in Gir. However, Chief Conservator of Forest D T Vasavada says the lions are healthy and doing well.

Principal Chief Conservator of Forest and Wildlife Warden A K Saxena told Mirror, “The lions have been vaccinated, so we need to follow a certain protocol before releasing them. They have to be kept under observation for long periods as medical teams need to check their immunity and analyse other effects of vaccines. Also, certain medical tests have to be carried out to check whether or not these big cats have started producing antibodies naturally.”

Cubs may have to remain captive for much longer, perhaps all life, as they have learnt to be fed artificially, Saxena added.

It all began six months ago when over 30 lions died in about 3 months’ time. In fact, over 23 of them died in just 20 days in September 2018 alone of suspected Canine Distemper Virus. Most of the deaths were reported from Dalkhaniya range of Gir (east). Following this, 31 lions were rescued from the affected area near Semerdi in Gir so as to avoid more casualties. In Semerdi, an alarming 11 lions had died in a span of three days.

The captured lions were housed at a veterinary facility in Devaliya. They were given vaccines at specific times over a duration in keeping with the protocol for such disease outbreaks.

HS Singh, retired Principal Chief Conservator of Forest and Chairman of Gujarat Biodiversity Board said, “Since these captive lions have interacted so much with humans during their treatment, it is not appropriate to release them in their habitat. We don’t know how they will behave in the wild.” With long periods of living near humans, the lions can lose fear of humans and approach them fearlessly in the wild, leading to higher incidence of animal-human conflict. On the other hand, these lions may also have lost the ability to hunt which could affBig cats of Gir facing a big problem: 26 lions and 5 cubs might never be released back into the wildect their survival.

Singh added, “Their territory may also have been taken over by other animals, which leaves them with more competition for food than earlier.” Currently, there are more than 700 lions in the Gir region; the numbers having grown at healthy rate in the last five years, with the highest density being in Brihad Gir and Gir east. They are now moving out to revenue areas and making new places their home.

The lions that got affected by the virus infection died of respiratory and hepatic failure. After the receipt of test reports from Pune-based Institute of Virology, the lions were rescued and given vaccine shots. Department had ordered 300 shots of vaccines from US for the lions in last six months. Recently the forest department ordered another big consignment of 400 shots of the vaccine. “We need to keep in a sufficient stock at all times,” said Saxena.

might never be released back into the wild

Read more at:

Man bathing in Ambajal dam in Junagadh killed by crocodile

Junagadh, Apr 27 (UNI) A 50-year-old man was killed by a crocodile on Saturday while he was bathing in Ambajal dam in Visavadar area close to Gir forests in Junagadh district of Gujarat.

A forest official said that the deceased has been identified as Bhanubhai Hamirbhai Chudasama, resident of Upleta. He had come to meet his son Gudlabhai who cultivates vegetables in the catchment areas of the dam close to Manadia beat of west Gir forests.

Lioness dies in Gir, Gujarat; man-animal conflict continues

Lioness dies in Gir, Gujarat; man-animal conflict continues

Junagadh, Apr 27 (UNI) The man-animal conflict continued. In third death of a rescued Asiatic lioness of Gir forests in a month, a wildcat died in this Gujarat district on Saturday.

CCF D T Vasavada said the feline, which was around 12 years of age, was suffering from tumour wart in eye and had lost 100 per cent vision. It was rescued on April 21 from a place near Suvardi Ness in Visavadar range Khambhda round and Bajaria beat of West Gir forest.
The serum and blood samples of the animal were collected and it was treated for eye wart and other wounds. It was under observation in ring cage.
Earlier on April 20, around 15-year-old lioness had died in Jamvala rescue center at Gir Gadhada taluka of Gir Somnath district in Gujarat and on March 27, an around 14-year-old Asiatic lioness had died at Sasan-Gir rescue center in the same district.

Have you seen the rare Asiatic lions at Gir yet? Plan a visit this time!

Have you seen the rare Asiatic lions at Gir yet? Plan a visit this time!Credit: Getty ImagesTRAVEL NEWS, GUJARATApr 27, 2019, 00.02 IST
More than a hundred years ago, the Sasan-Gir region, located 65 km towards the south-east of Junagadh city in the state of Gujarat, was a full-fledged forest. It was frequented by the Indian Rajas and British high officials, like Lord Curzon, for hunting excursions. However, it was only in 1899 that the VIP men put a permanent stop to their lion-hunting trips. It so happened that the count of lions decreased due to a severe famine in the region. After India attained independence, the government completely banned hunting and poaching activities in the year 1960.

Later, in the year 1965, Sasan-Gir aka Gir was officially established as a sanctuary for the endangered Asiatic lions. It is spread over 412 sq km in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Apart from the African wilderness, Gir is the only place, where the king of the jungle can be found. That’s the reason why it draws wildlife enthusiasts and researchers from around the planet. Not only lions but more than 30 species of mammals, 600 plus species of plants, and a wide range of birds and insects thrive in Gir sanctuary.

Visiting Gir to experience life in the wilderness is an experience best lived by safari. Additionally, there are decent accommodations for tourists near the sanctuary.

Have you seen the rare Asiatic lions at Gir yet? Plan a visit this time!Credit: Getty Images

Safari Timing

6:30 AM to 8:30 AM
8:30 AM to 10:30 AM
3:00 PM to 5:30 PM

What else to do in Gir National Park?
Visitors can take delight in a host of activities such as:

  • Bird watching
  • Visit to Devaliya Safari Park
  • Visit to Maldharis Tribe
  • Crocodile Breeding
  • Visit to Siddis Tribe

When to visit Gir National Park?
Since the national park remains closed from June 16 to September 15 every year due to the monsoon, the ideal time to visit the place is between December and March.

Have you seen the rare Asiatic lions at Gir yet? Plan a visit this time!Credit: Getty Images

By Air
The nearest airport located at Diu, which is approximately 92 km from the national park. Another good option is to take the flight to Rajkot. It is located 160 km from Gir.

By Rail
Take the train to Junagadh from Ahmedabad or Rajkot. Hire a taxi from either of these railheads to Gir. The distance between Ahmedabad/Rajkot to Gir is 65 km.

By Road
Gir National Park is 60 km from Junagadh, the most common base for making a visit, and 360 km away from Ahmedabad. The main centre is at Sasan Gir, and has a forest guest house maintained by the park, just opposite the railway station.

Where to stay?
Naturally, the next obvious question pertains to accommodation. Tourists can choose from a number of three-star, four-star and five-star lodges and resorts in the Gir region. Asiatic Lion Lodge - Sasan Gir Resort and Hotel, The Gateway Hotel Gir Forest and Hotel Anil Farmhouse Gir Jungle Resort are some of the cool options that the intending visitors can consider.

Watch: Jungle king’s roll-call soars at 700 in Gujarat

This estimation, which comes ahead of the five-yearly lion census in 2020, puts the lion numbers at the highest ever in the history of Gujarat. There are 523 lions in the state as per 2015 lion census.

Principal chief conservator of forest (wildlife) Akshay Saxena said lion conservation is a success in Gujarat despite setbacks like the 2018 canine distemper virus outbreak which wiped off 29 lions.

Fingers crossed over the healthy population, Saxena said, “The count of 700 lions is just an observation ahead of the census and there could be duplication in sighting. The exact numbers would be revealed only after the official census is completed next year.”

The Gir sanctuary, spread over 1,412 sq km, is considered the last abode of Asiatic lions in the world. After the lion population dipped to an alarming 50 in 1920, it has steadily climbed and showed sustained growth from 1985, leaping to 523 in 2015. Currently, lions are spread over an area of 25,000 sq km across six districts in Saurashtra. Significantly, an estimated half of the lion population lives in unprotected areas, in close proximity with human settlements.

Forest dept to procure 150 satellite radio collars

Considering the wide presence of lions and risks involved in their conservation, the forest department has decided to procure 150 satellite radio collars. Rajiv Gupta, additional chief secretary of forest and environment, said, “We are getting 150 radio collars to tag prides mainly in outside sanctuary areas to keep tabs on their movement and safety."

The Gujarat government has in the past given ample signs of healthy growth in lion numbers. Chief minister Vijay Rupani in 2018 had said lion population has crossed 600 due to exceptional conservation efforts. In Delhi, minister of state for forest and tribal development Raman Patkar had revealed in a press conference that lion

No relief to Gujarat government in Gir Wildlife Sanctuary eco-sensitive zone case

The High Court in April last year had restrained the government from issuing any final notification in this regard.

Gir Wildlife Sanctuary

The proposal was floated to reduce eco-sensitive zone from 3.32 lakh hectares to 1.14 lakh hectare - File Photo 

Updated: Apr 26, 2019, 06:05 AM IST
The Gujarat High Court has refused to provide any relief to the state government in a public interest litigation (PIL) questioning the intention of the state government in proposing the reduction of the eco-sensitive zone for Gir Wildlife Sanctuary from 3.32 lakh hectares to 1.14 lakh hectare. Notably, the High Court in April last year had restrained the government from issuing any final notification in this regard.
During the hearing of the PIL on Thursday, the division bench of Acting Chief Justice AS Dave and Justice Biren Vaishnav clarified that no case was made out for vacating the interim relief granted to the petitioner. While the state government had already submitted its reply in the case attributing the decision to reduce the area under eco-sensitive zone to objections received by local residents, the counsel for the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change, argued that the notifications issued by it are based on settled guidelines and as per the proposal of the states.
Following the brief submission, the court adjourned the case till June 19, when it will be taken up for final hearing.
Through the PIL, the petitioner, Biren Padhya, has questioned the state's intention to reduce eco-sensitive zone for Gir Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park from 3.32 lakh hectares to 1.14 lakh hectares. Padhya has also contended that if the state's proposal is implemented, the area of the eco-sensitive zone which is minimum 8 km and maximum 17 km will be reduced to just 500 meters at several locations, extending up to a maximum of 4 km from the sanctuary.


  • Petitioner Biren Pandhya contended that the reduction of the eco-sensitive zone may prove detrimental to the population of Asiatic Lions in the area and is being done due to the pressure exerted by the tourism and mining lobby.

What names would you give to these lion cubs?

Last updated at 10:41

Lion cubs with motherFota Wildlife Park
How cute are these little Asian lion cubs?

They were born eight weeks ago at the Fota Wildlife Park in County Cork in Ireland, to second time parents, mother Gira and father Shanto. So far staff aren't sure whether the cubs are girls or boys, and they haven't been given names. Now staff want the public to name them, and be in with a chance to win one of four a year-long Conservation Annual Pass. Their parents first litter, born one and a half years old, are called Amira, Arya and Loki, and live in their specially designed habitat in Fota Wildlife Park, with their parents, new siblings, and aunt Gita. Fota Lead Ranger Kelly Lambe said "We are thrilled with the arrival of this litter of four Asian lion cubs at Fota Wildlife Park. This species is endangered and now inhabits only one remaining site in the world - the Gir Forest, in India, which means that wildlife parks and zoos play a crucial role in safeguarding the species and maintaining the genetic diversity outside of the pocket of the wild population.

What do we know about Asian Lions?

Almost all the world's population of wild lions live in sub-Sharan Africa except for the Asian lion which inhabits the Gir Forest in India, which has now become a reserve for this endangered species.
  • There are now only 500 Asian lions living in the wild, so breeding them in zoos and wildlife parks do is very important to make sure the species survives long into the future.

    "We are delighted that there are four cubs thriving and they are all feeding and bonding well with their mum, Gira."
    Fota Wildlife Park opened the Asian Sanctuary in 2015, and it is now home to some of Asia's most endangered species such as the Indian rhino, the Sumatran tiger and the Asian lion.
    Do you fancy giving these cubs some names? You can go to the wildlife park website to put your suggestions forward for consideration.
    Let us know in the comments what names you've gone for!

Lioness dies of dehydration in Gir

 Ahmedabad Mirror | Updated: Apr 21, 2019, 12:46 IST

Read more at:

1 Cr Trees, 2500 Check Dams: How a Determined 86-YO Transformed 3 Gujarat Districts

Courtesy: Vruksha Prem Seva Trust.

Courtesy: Vruksha Prem Seva Trust.

Courtesy: Vruksha Prem Seva Trust.

Courtesy: Vruksha Prem Seva Trust.

What inspired Premji Patel to leave city life behind and spend the rest of his life nurturing nature? A story of an African shepherd who accidentally planted a forest on barren land!

Premji Patel longed for his hometown in Gujarat. Though a trader in Mumbai, he was unimpressed by the skyscrapers, the fast life and the ambitious people scurrying around to make a name for themselves. The city life wasn’t exactly his cup of tea.
Often, it takes a strong dose of inspiration to push us to make an important life decision. For Patel, it was a story about an African shepherd. The shepherd, he read, had accidentally planted seeds along his regular path and ended up converting barren land into a lush forest! This story, from a distant land, was instrumental in changing the course of Patel’s life. From a trader in the busy city of Mumbai, Patel would go on to earn national recognition for transforming the districts of Rajkot, Gondal, and Mangrol of Gujarat into a dense forest.
Patel had received the book with the story emphasising the amazing efforts of a shepherd as a gift from his son in 1967. On his next trip home, in Rajkot, he started asking the senior citizens about flora and fauna in his hometown. It was eye-opening for him to know that the land that had lain barren for all his life was once teeming with green life—a forest ranging from Gir to Dwarka for a distance of about 285 km!

The journey toward a lush forest begins with a seed:

Bapuji did not remember the small book of a few pages, but he remembered the lesson and started collecting seeds and made a consortium of seed collectors and suppliers across India,” says Yashodhar Dixit, referring to 86-year-old Patel. By the end of the year 2010, Patel had sprinkled 550 tons of seeds of various varieties (Local) and covered nearly the entire districts of Rajkot, Gondal, and Mangrol of Gujarat state.
“Through several projects, he planted nearly one crore trees and his work had been acclaimed by Late Dr APJ Abdul Kalam,” Yashodhar informs, The Better India.
Although Patel’s achievements are massive, he began with a very simple idea. Every village has a temple that its devotees frequent. He started planting trees around the temples, a place with a relatively low risk of people cutting them. He had hired a person to buy seeds and plant them. The process took time, but it was an experiment worth waiting for.

As soon as Patel realised that his efforts are bearing fruit, he planned the next step.

It wasn’t long before he formed a network of seed collectors, buyers, and sellers, knowing all too well that even if a fraction of his seeds survived and grew into trees, a considerable amount of his land would turn green again.
The Vruksha Prem Seva Trust (VPST), which Patel started in 1968, records that he collected 550 tons of seeds of trees like Prosopis Julliflora and local varieties like aawal, grass seeds, karanj, neem, palash, etc. For three decades, Patel dedicated all his efforts to planting and taking care of the trees.
Patel’s vision, however, towered above the gigantic trees that he had spent a large portion of his time fostering. The aim was not just to increase the green cover over Gujarat’s Saurashtra and Rajkot. Instead, it was to solve or at least reduce the water woes of the local farming communities.
“Along with trees we started well-recharge projects, and for the same, cement, and pipes were supplied to farmers to bring water from wells to the farms. This was done in the 1980s, and there was no looking back from here. The Gujarat government started check dam program in consultation with Vruksha Prem, and till date, we have constructed more than 2,500 check dams across Saurashtra region,” Dixit, a trustee of VPST says.

Making Rajkot drought free:

Few can understand the value of water more than a farmer. One month of monsoon too early or too late spells doom for thousands of farmers who have spent their entire year caring for the crop. Scanty or excessive rainfall means the farmer has nothing but his savings to survive on for the following year. And as rains diminish year after year, so do the financial condition of the poor farmer.
With a parched land, a sky devoid of clouds and crops dying of thirst, many farmers find no other solution but to resort to extreme, fatal ways out.
Noting how urgently the farmers needed someone to provide water to cultivate their crops, Patel began his crusade.

Back in the 1970s, Patel had brought about 18,000 hectares of land in 54 villages under a watershed development programme to help the farmers secure their water needs through natural, non-invasive and inexpensive ways.
According to the Central Ground Water Board of India (CGWB), “These projects involved the construction of 21,600 dams covering 1,500 ha land benefitting around 5,500 families. Before this, the trust had undertaken the activity of well recharging in six districts of Saurashtra wherein 50,000 feet lengths of cement pipes were distributed among the villagers.”

What VPST has achieved so far:

  • 6,250 hectares of land so far provided with water to ease farmers woes.
  • As a result, 2,100 families were directly benefited.
  • 30,000 trees were planted around the dam areas to balance the ecology of the region.
  • Overall, these initiatives have provided a secure income to the families and in most cases, even increased their annual income.
  • Tells Dixit, “The Gujarat government has also invited various NGOs for Roof Top Rainwater Harvesting projects, and VPST is awarded the highest number of houses for being given this facility. Till date, we have completed 4600 rooftop rainwater harvesting projects giving benefits to nearly 20000 people directly.”

Endangered lions born in Fota Wildlife Park

Fota Wildlife Park has announced the birth of four endangered lion cubs. The four lion cubs are yet to be named and are currently unsexed but Fota is looking for the public to help name the newest additions to mother Gira and father Shanto's family. The winning names will each be rewarded with a year-long conservation pass.

Fota Announces the birth of endangered Asian lion cubs. Pic Darragh Kane
Fota Announces the birth of endangered Asian lion cubs. Pic Darragh Kane
Born on February 20th, the four cubs see the family grow, with the first litter born a year and a half ago, along with aunt Gita.
While it's a happy time for the endangered Asian lions, there were initially five cubs but one was stillborn.
Speaking about the latest additions to Gira and Shanto's family, Lead Ranger Kelly Lambe said: "We are thrilled with the arrival of this litter of four Asian lion cubs at Fota Wildlife Park. This species is endangered and now inhabits only one remaining site in the world – the Gir Forest, in India, which means that wildlife parks and zoos play a crucial role in safeguarding the species and maintaining the genetic diversity outside of the pocket of the wild population."

 Fota Wildlife Park announced to the public the birth of four Asian lion cubs, who were born on the 20th February to second-time parents, mother Gira and father Shanto. Pic Darragh Kane
Fota Wildlife Park announced to the public the birth of four Asian lion cubs, who were born on the 20th February to second-time parents, mother Gira and father Shanto. Pic Darragh Kane
Lambe continued: "Unfortunately, one of the cubs was stillborn, however, five in a litter in extremely rare and we are delighted that there are four cubs thriving and they are all feeding and bonding well with Mum Gira. It’s Gira’s second litter with our male lion, Shanto, and she is a protective mum. We vaccinated and weighted them all yesterday and they all weight exactly the same – 7.15kg.”
Sisters Gira and Gita were brought to Fota's Asian Sanctuary in 2016 and the pride expanded in 2017 when Gira and Shanto became first-time parents when Amira, Arya and Loki were born in 2017.

Fota is asking the public to name the four new lion cubs. Pic Darragh Kane
Fota is asking the public to name the four new lion cubs. Pic Darragh Kane
The latest addition to the Asian lion pride is welcomed with only 500 left in the wild.
You can enter a name suggestion for the new cubs and be in with a chance of winning a year-long conservation pass by clicking here.

20 lions venture out of forest in Gujarat's Amreli | Watch

More than 20 lions were spotted last evening in a village in Gujarat's Amreli district. The lions were sighted last evening and locals believe they may have come from the neighbouring Dhari forest.  

India TV News Desk India TV News Desk
Surat Updated on: April 18, 2019 14:06 IST
20 lions venture out of forest in Gujarat's Amreli | Watch
20 lions venture out of forest in Gujarat's Amreli | Watch
More than 20 lions were spotted last evening in a village in Gujarat's Amreli district. The lions were sighted last evening and locals believe they may have come from the neighbouring Dhari forest.
Lions were probably out to look for water.
This is not the first time lions have been sighted in Amreli. Earlier also there have been reports of lions walking on the highway and railway tracks in Amreli.
Lions in Gir forests have been living on edge since various infrastructural development projects started taking shape in the area. Last year there were reports of three lions mowed down by a train in Amreli.

Four Asiatic lion cubs successfully bred in Fota Wildlife Park

Births help protect the subspecies which has just one remaining habitat in the wild

Fota Wildlife Park’s Asian lion Gita and her four, as yet unnamed, eight-week-old cubs. Photograph: Darragh Kane
Fota Wildlife Park’s Asian lion Gita and her four, as yet unnamed, eight-week-old cubs. Photograph: Darragh KaneFota Wildlife Park in Cork has announced the birth of four Asiatic lion cubs (Panthera leo persica) which are part of an endangered subspecies whose last remaining natural habitat is in the state of Gujarat in western India.
The cubs were born to mother, Gira and father, Shanto on February 20th but their sex is not yet known as it is not considered wise to attempt to remove a newborn cub from its mother for examination. There were initially to be five cubs, but one was stillborn.
In a previous litter in 2017, Gira and Shanto had three cubs - females Amira, Arya and male Loki. The three are due to be re-homed soon as part of the European Endangered Species Breeding Programme.
Gira and her sister Gita came to Cork in 2016 from a zoo in Helsinki, Finland, where Amira and Arya will be going to live. A new home for Loki has not yet been identified.
Fota Wildlife Park director Sean McKeown said the pride was doing well and that having a four-strong litter was important when it came to safeguarding the subspecies of lion, of which there are just 500 in the wild.
The Asiatic lion is smaller than its African cousins. Mating is not seasonal and takes place year round. Males reach sexual maturity at around five years and female at around four. The gestation period lasts for between 100 and 119 days after which up to six cubs can be born, but one to three is more usual.
Unlike African lions, the males do not tend to live with the females of their pride unless they are mating or have a large kill to eat.
The Asiatic lion is a carnivore and its typical diet consists of deer, antelope, wild boar and buffalo.


Asiatic lions used to range from Turkey across Asia to eastern India, but the rise of firearms across the world meant that they were hunted to near-extinction for sport.
The male Asiatic lion has a relatively short, sparse and darker mane compared to the fuller mane of the African lion. As a result, the male Asiatic lion’s ears tend to remain visible. The most distinguishing characteristic of the Asiatic lion is the longitudinal fold of skin that runs along its belly, absent in African lions.
Due to conservation initiatives, the small population is steadily increasing but the species is listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), as it is still vulnerable to many threats.
According to Fota, an outbreak of contagious disease or natural disaster could have drastic consequences for the species and newborns are vaccinated.
Fota is holding a competition to name the cubs with more details available on

Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market Research including Growth Factors, Types and Application by regions from 2024

April 16, 2019 2:18 AM IST No Comments

As per Current Market Revenue & Growth On Global Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market Observation Forecast to 2024
Global Agriculture and Forestry Equipment market allows investors, field advertising and marketing executives and commercial enterprise owners get one step in advance by way of giving them a higher know-how of their immediately competitors for the forecast period, 2019 to 2024. It also talks about the market size of different segments and their growth aspects along with growth trends, various stakeholders like investors, CEOs, traders, suppliers, Research & media, Global Manager, Director, President, SWOT analysis i.e. Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threat to the organization and others.
Major Manufacturer/ Economy by Business Leaders Leading Players of Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market Are Detail:
  • John Deere,Mahindra,AGCO,Agrostroj Pelhrimov,Concern Tractor Plants,Escorts Group,China National Machinery Industry,Valmont,Weifang Euroking Machinery,Same Deutz-Fahr,. And More……
Agriculture and Forestry Equipment is expected to grow at a CAGR of roughly xx% over the next five years, will reach xx million US$ in 2023, from xx million US$ in 2017, according to a new GIR (Global Info Research) study.
Get Sample PDF of Report Just click  @
Global Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market: Overview
Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market Type covers:
  • Forest & agriculture tractors
  • Harvesters
  • Agriculture spraying machines
  • Soil preparation & cultivation machines
  • Milking & poultry machines
  • Haymaking machines
  • Other forest & agriculture equipment Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market Applications can be divided into:
  • Comerical
  • Personal
  • Government Scope of the Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market Report: This report focuses on the Agriculture and Forestry Equipment in global market, especially in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa. This report categorizes the market based on manufacturers, regions, type and application.Agriculture and forestry equipment are the machineries which assist in the process of farming and forest activities, such as cultivation of land, harvesting, and collecting wood logs. Tractors, crop sprayers, rotators, harvesters, and skidders are the varieties of agriculture and forest machineries available in the market.The worldwide market for Agriculture and Forestry Equipment is expected to grow at a CAGR of roughly xx% over the next five years, will reach xx million US$ in 2023, from xx million US$ in 2017, according to a new GIR (Global Info Research) study.
    Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market Regional Analysis covers:
    • North America (USA, Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia), South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia etc.), Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)
    Further, in the Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market research reports, the following points are included along with an in-depth study of each point:
    Key Strategic Developments: The study also includes the key strategic developments of the Agriculture and Forestry Equipment market, comprising R&D, new product launch, M&A, agreements, collaborations, partnerships, joint ventures, Global and regional growth of the leading competitors operating in the market on a global and regional scale.
    Key Market Features: The Agriculture and Forestry Equipment report evaluated key market features, including revenue, price, capacity, capacity utilization rate, gross, production, production rate, consumption, import/export, supply/demand, cost, market share, CAGR, and gross margin. In addition, the study offers a comprehensive study of the key market dynamics and their latest trends, along with pertinent Agriculture and Forestry Equipment market segments and sub-segments.
    Analytical Tools: The Global Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market report includes the accurately studied and assessed data of the key industry players and their scope in the Agriculture and Forestry Equipment market by means of a number of analytical tools. The analytically tools such as SWOT analysis, feasibility study, and investment return analysis have been used to analyse the growth of the key players operating in the Agriculture and Forestry Equipment market are included.
    Purchase Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Market Report, Click Here @
    Major Agriculture and Forestry Equipment Key Points in Table of contains a total of 15 chapters:
    Chapter 1, to describe Agriculture and Forestry Equipment product scope, market overview, market opportunities, market driving force and market risks.
    Chapter 2, to profile the top manufacturers of Agriculture and Forestry Equipment, with price, sales, revenue and global market share of Agriculture and Forestry Equipment in 2017 and 2018.
    Chapter 3, the Agriculture and Forestry Equipment competitive situation, sales, revenue and global market share of top manufacturers are analysed emphatically by landscape contrast.
    Chapter 4, the Agriculture and Forestry Equipment breakdown data are shown at the regional level, to show the sales, revenue and growth by regions, from 2014 to 2019.
    Chapter 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, to break the sales data at the country level, with sales, revenue and market share for key countries in the world, from 2014 to 2019.
    Chapter 10 and 11, to segment the sales by type and application, with sales market share and growth rate by type, application, from 2014 to 2019.
    Chapter 12, Agriculture and Forestry Equipment market forecast, by regions, type and application, with sales and revenue, from 2019 to 2024.
    Chapter 13, 14 and 15, to describe Agriculture and Forestry Equipment sales channel, distributors, customers, research findings and conclusion, appendix and data source.
    Is there any query or need customization? Ask to our Industry Expert @
    About Us: –
    360 market Updates is the credible source for gaining the market research reports that will exponentially accelerate your business. We are among the leading report resellers in the business world committed towards optimizing your business. The reports we provide are based on a research that covers a magnitude of factors such as technological evolution, economic shifts and a detailed study of market segments.
    For More Details On this Report: and Forestry Equipment Market-13002538
    Metal Injection Molding Parts (MIM Parts) Market 2019: Global Industry Size, Share, Future Challenges, Revenue, Demand, Industry Growth and Top Players Analysis to 2024


    Down in Jungleland: Revenge of the Macaques

    Some animals and birds have learned to live like us.

    Recently, I watched a short video clip of a pair of gigantic wild tuskers crossing the Bengaluru-Mysuru highway, which was busy even at 2 am. Later, they crossed again during the day, when traffic thundered up and down incessantly. They crossed with more care than most of us do, looking right and left before stepping forth. There was another short clip showing elephants stepping over a knocked-down, but live, electric fence. They did so with great caution, lifting each huge leg well above the wires, and keeping trunks and tails out of the way. Both clips drew laughter and admiration from viewers, who admired the good sense that the animals displayed. A friend, however, remarked that it was really sad: elephants should not need to know how to cross roads or step over electrified fences.
    Ever since we began barging into their spaces, wild animals have had to either flee deeper into the forests or adapt and learn to live with us. Animals like elephants and tigers use forest corridors to get from one forest to another and we have encroached on these, building expressways or setting up tea and coffee plantations. Still, elephants will use these traditional routes, even if a little warily, and, of course, sometimes, there is trouble. Roads and highways running through wildlife territories pose a grave danger: because we drive recklessly, an inordinately high number of animals get run over and killed.
    In Gujarat’s Gir forest, the problem seems to be developing the other way around (not that we have left the National Park and Sanctuary sacrosanct). The lions are now bursting out of the protected area into the southern regions of the forest and into what we see as “our” space. While, generally, both humans and lions are learning to live with each other, you really wonder how tenable this situation will be in the future: we are turning increasingly intolerant and lynch-loving, and as the lion population grows, so will hostile interactions.
    Leopards, too, have quickly learned to adapt to semi-urban living. As long as they have a forest to take cover in, they’re quite happy to be living on the edges of urban areas, taking dogs, pigs and goats (and tragically, the odd child). Gurugram and Borivali (in Mumbai) are prime examples. But leopards frequently land in trouble, somehow finding themselves in someone’s bathroom or at the bottom of a well. The hysteria displayed by us in these situations is, to say the least, totally unedifying.
    Some animals have, of course, taken the battle to us — and may even be getting the better of us. Rhesus macaques (which enjoy religious sanctity) have discovered the attractions of living near temples and big city markets and have moved into cities like Jaipur and Delhi en masse for generations now. These city-bred simians are not in the least afraid of us, and will mob you if you raise a hand against them. We, however, appear keener to throw them papaya and parantha parties, which suits them just fine. There’s a story about how the British caught city-monkeys by the trainload and shunted them out into the wilderness, from where they promptly caught the next train back into town. But ask the people in the hills, and they will say that city-bred hoodlum macaques have been secretly released in their areas and have begun creating havoc there, destroying their crops and orchards and terrorising them, as well as the genteel local macaques.
    Birds, too, have learned to adapt to human surroundings. Egrets normally fished or caught insects flushed by wild herbivores: then they discovered that a far more reliable way of catching insects was to follow herds of livestock which were brought out for grazing, day after day, without fail. Now, alas, they’ve also discovered (as have several other species) our garbage dumps and landfills. Crows and kites probably can’t live without us. Gulls, too, so pristine and sleek, seem to have forsaken fishing on the high seas and simply follow fishing trawlers. Huge flocks have discovered that rivers running through towns and cities are a good place to spend time in, because people feed them namkeen mixture. If a flock of gulls expects a handout and you don’t have anything on hand, it may mob you like the birds in the Alfred Hitchcock film.

    The house sparrow, too, moved in from the wild grasslands once we began cultivating seed crops, like wheat and bajra. First, they followed farmers to their farmyards, and then to the markets where the amount of grain spill provided enough fare. Then, they expanded their diet and became permanent (non-rent-paying) tenants with us. This went on until recently when, due to reasons still being argued over, they began to disappear.
    The birds that are giving us a good dose of our own medicine are the blue rock pigeons. They breed, virally, like us. The males behave disgracefully most of the time — they bully and drive away smaller birds and set up home and make a stinking mess virtually everywhere. But then, can we really say that we didn’t deserve this?
    Ranjit Lal is an author, environmentalist and bird watcher.

    The Animals of the Bible

    The unusual species that once roamed ancient Israel

    Leopard falls into well in Gujarat, villagers use cot to pull him out

    Updated Apr 12, 2019 | 19:17 IST | Mirror Now Digital

    Villagers from Pavi Jetpur village in Gujarat managed to rescue a leopard who had fallen into a well by pulling him using a cot. The big cat then escaped into a nearby forest.

    The animal escaped into the forest after it was pulled out (Representative Image)  |  Photo Credit: BCCL
    Villagers in Gujarat rescue leopard from wellVadodara: With reports of escalations in the man-animal conflict emerging from all quarters of the country, a heart-warming instance has come to light from Pavi Jetpur village in Gujarat where locals managed to save the life of a four-year-old leopard who fell into a well earlier this week. Reports suggest that the big cat was rescued by villagers around midnight on Wednesday.
    Locals heard the leopard roaring after it fell into a well at a farm in Naravaniya village which is when state forest department officials were alerted and arrived at the spot. Soon after, a cot was lowered into the well and the big cat was pulled out. A forest ranger claimed that people were asked to move away from the well when the leopard was being pulled out. He added that once pulled out, the animal escaped to a nearby forest without harming anyone.
    This incident comes less than a week after a woman died in Hasnapur forest settlement village in Gir forest division near Visavadar town in Junagadh district of Gujarat following a leopard attack. Wildlife officials told media outlets that the elderly woman was attacked when she was resting outside her home on a charpoy in the verandah of her home. She was rushed to the government hospital in Visavadar and later referred to a hospital in Junagarh. Unfortunately, the woman succumbed on the way to Junagarh.
    In March of this year, a three-year-old leopardess was run over by a speeding vehicle on the Vadodara-Mumbai Highway in Valsad district. A senior official with the Gujarat State Forest Department had told media outlets that internal hemorrhage was identified as the cause of her death following a post-mortem. He also added that the deceased animal's body was burnt in accordance with guidelines prescribed by the wildlife department.

    Why You Must Visit The Anti-Gravity Hill of Tulsishyam in Gujarat

    A visit to Tulsishyam will completely change the way you look at the law of physics.

    By Charu Chowdhary

    Why You Must Visit The Anti-Gravity Hill of Tulsishyam in Gujarat Tulsishyam shares its border with Gir National Park, Photo Credit: GettyImages
    We often hear about mysterious phenomenons in our country, but none comes as close to the anti-gravity hill in Tulsishyam in Gujarat. This place is strangely absolved from the effects of gravitational force. You know it’s true when your vehicle starts moving uphill on its own, even when its on neutral and without the use of handbrakes.
    Located in between Amreli district and Junagadh district, and sharing its border with Gir Forest National Park, Tulsishyam is famous for its 3,000-year-old Krishna Temple that houses a hot water spring known for its healing powers. However, everything in Tulsishyam looks ordinary, except for the ‘anti-gravity hill.’

    In reality, it’s not really the crooked vortexes in Earth’s gravitational field that causes the phenomenon; rather it’s an optical illusion occurring due to the structure of land on either side of the road. Though it looks like everything including the cars are rolling up hill; in reality they are only sloping downward, the way they should be. The horizon and the surrounding vistas trick the brain into assuming the slope as uphill. Which is why, you constantly feel like everything is being pulled upward.
    The locals living in this area are quite superstitious, and harbour the belief that this phenomenon is actually a supernatural occurrence. An interaction with them will reveal that they think of it as a gateway to heaven. Another place in India where you can have a similar experience is the Magnetic Hills in Leh.
    The concept of anti-gravity also exists in other parts of the world such as Electric Bae in Scotland, Gravity Hill Washington, Confusion Hill in California and the Gansu in China.

    How a tiger's record-breaking journey ended in tragedy

    The big cat's epic trek gives hope that one day another tiger will complete a journey to the Gir Forest, home to lions and leopards.

    A young male tiger set off on an exploratory walkabout in northwestern India about two years ago. Approaching adulthood, he needed to find his own turf—increasingly difficult in his natal Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary, in the state of Madhya Pradesh, where some 34 other Bengal tigers live.
    The wildlife officers in charge of the 318-square-mile reserve knew the big cat was on the move and tracked his prints and the claw marks he left on trees until he left Ratapani, in December 2017.
    They don’t know what clues to new lands he followed as he traversed the landscape beyond the sanctuary’s forests, but ultimately his epic 186-mile journey (one of the longest recorded tiger treks) brought him to the neighboring Gujarat state, where tigers went extinct nearly 30 years ago.
    Along the way, he likely stuck to forest patches, where he could hunt wild pigs and nilgai, the largest Asian antelope, says Prakriti Srivastava, an Indian Forest Service officer and country director with the nonprofit Wildlife Conservation Society-India, in Karnataka.

    In Gujarat, the striped predator entered a more human-dominated landscape, but still he managed to avoid detection, probably by resting in dense cover during the day and moving only at night. (Read the true story of Machli, the world's most famous tiger.)

    Then early in February, a schoolteacher spotted the tiger crossing a road, snapped a photo with his mobile phone, and shared the image. Instantly, the news went viral in this part of India, and the state’s forest department launched an intensive cat hunt.
    Staff placed video camera traps in the area and engaged trackers to look for the tiger. They noted his pugmarks in the mud and claw marks on trees near where the teacher took the photo.
    Six days later, one of the camera traps recorded the cat. Based on that footage, forest conservators estimated the tiger to be a male about five to seven years old.

    The last time anyone saw a tiger in Gujarat was in 1992—tigers there having been heavily hunted and poached for their skins and body parts, which may have been sold in China. So state wildlife officials were in a celebratory mood, pleased that Gujarat—famed for its Gir National Park, the last enclave of Asiatic lions and leopards—had become the only state in India with “the lion, tiger, and leopard,” as Akshay Saxena, the principal chief conservator of forest wildlife for Gujarat, told a reporter with The Times of India.

    News of the tiger’s arrival stirred hopes that he would continue his westward trek and eventually reach Gir’s safe haven about 300 miles away. How he would react once he encountered some of the nearly 600 Gir forest lions and leopards was uncertain.
    “It all depends on the prey,” says Tara Pirie, a zoologist and big cat expert at the University of Reading, in the U.K., who has studied tigers in Sumatra. “If there are sufficient prey, then they should manage to coexist,” even if sharing a relatively small area.

    Gir Forest National Park encompasses 550 square miles of deciduous forests of teak, acacia, and banyan trees, some scrub jungle, and large patches of grassland. “It is suitable habitat for tigers and has Sambar deer, nilgai, wild boar,” Pirie says, as well as other animals that tigers and Asiatic lions hunt. Leopards, she notes, generally take small-to-medium-size prey, such as Axis deer. (Read more about Asia's lions, which live in one last place on Earth.)
    Lions and tigers used to coexist across many parts of India, as well as in western and Central Asia—usually in different habitats—until the end of the 1800s. By then, hunting and poaching had driven most populations to extinction. The animals also suffered from the loss of prey and habitat as farming, timber harvests, new roads, and settlements—and a growing human population—shrank their forest homes.

    Lions 101 How much do lions eat? When do they begin to roar? Find out how many pounds of meat they devour, how loud their roars can be, and whether they are endangered.
    After further studying the video of the tiger, B S Annigiri, the chief conservator of forests in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, told the Times of India that the tiger was actually well known to the staff at Ratapani.
    U. Prakasam, Madhya Pradesh’s principal chief conservator of forests, urged his counterparts in Gujarat to protect the cat and keep tabs on his movements. Discussions even began about how to protect the tiger’s trail between the two states in hopes that a female might follow and a new population emerge. (Related: "India's Tigers May Be Rebounding, in Rare Success for Endangered Species.")
    But all the rejoicing and speculation came to an abrupt end when, only two weeks after the teacher took the picture, the tiger’s carcass was found in Mahisagar forest, about six miles from where the forest department captured his image on a camera trap. His body lay on a slight incline, and some thought he’d fallen victim to a poacher.
    The initial exam indicated that this was unlikely, since “no physical injury was noticed on the tiger,” S K Srivastava, the chief conservator of forests in the Vadodara area of Gujarat, told The India Tribune. “Also, all 18 claws, four canine teeth, genital organ and skin were found to be intact.”

    It seemed more likely that the tiger had been poisoned. After all, the cat had attempted to attack a herd of cows a day after the camera trap recorded him, but people chased him away with shouts and cries, according to The Times of India.
    To determine if the tiger had indeed been poisoned, veterinarians collected samples from his carcass for analysis. But the lab results and a necropsy revealed a different cause: The tiger had simply died from starvation—his effort to catch a cow may have been his last attempt at a meal.

    Following the protocol of India’s National Tiger Conservation Authority, the carcass was burned, ensuring that the remains would not be sold.
    While news of the tiger’s sad and unexpected end disappointed tiger watchers in India and elsewhere, wildlife officials still take heart—and hope—from his heroic journey. (See tigers at these Indian national parks.)
    Other tigers may also disperse from Ratapani if they find the territory too crowded, and there’s good forest cover for them to do so to the south and northeast, where they’re more likely to find suitable prey, as well as a home in Panna Tiger Reserve, Prakriti Srivastava says.
    This tiger may have found enough to eat early in his travels, but his trek took him from the safety of the forest into largely human-dominated areas. For the few weeks he lived in Gujarat, he worried people who tended cows and inspired those who hoped once again to see tigers, lions, and leopards sharing a forest. It was not to be—at least, not this time.