Celebrating their existence, we have brought you 10 most endangered animal in India, who need our instant attention.
New Delhi, October 4:
Since 1929, October 4 is celebrated as World Animal Day every year with
a purpose to benefit animals and the people who strive to improve their
welfare. The day coincides with the feast day of Francis of Assisi, the
patron saint of animals.
4 October 12:24 2016
According to the official website of Worlds Animal Day, their mission is to improve the lives of animals, to end animal cruelty and to advance animal welfare standards around the world.
The occasion celebrated for the welfare of animals is led and sponsored by UK-based animal welfare charity, Naturewatch Foundation since 2003.
Celebrating their existence, we have brought you 10 most endangered animals in India, who need our instant attention.
1. Bengal Tiger
The Bengal tiger also called the royal Bengal tiger, is the most numerous tiger subspecies. It is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh. We have 2,500 tigers left as per a 2011 report with a decreasing trend. None of the Tiger Conservation Landscapes within the Bengal tiger's range is considered large enough to support an effective population size of 250 adult individuals.
2. Asiatic Lion
The Asiatic lion, also known as the Indian lion or Persian lion, is a lion subspecies that exists as a single population in India's Gujarat state. Some Asiatic lions also live in zoos. It is listed as Endangered by IUCN due to its small population size.
3. Snow Leopard
The snow leopard or ounce is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia. It is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species because, as of 2003, the size of the global population was estimated at 4,080–6,590 adults, of which fewer than 2,500 individuals may reproduce in the wild.
The blackbuck is an antelope found in India. The blackbuck is the sole extant member of the genus Antilope. Bollywood actor Salman Khan had been under the scanner for a long time for its killing.
5. Red Panda
The red panda, also called the lesser panda, the red bearcat, and is a mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China. The red panda has been classified as Endangered by the IUCN because its wild population is estimated at less than 10,000 mature individuals and continues to decline due to habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, and inbreeding depression, although red pandas are protected by national laws in their range countries.
6. Indian rhinoceros
The great Indian rhinoceros, also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros, is a rhinoceros native to the Indian subcontinent. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, as populations are fragmented and restricted to less than 20,000 km square.
7. The Nilgiri Tahr
The Nilgiri Tahr is an ungulate, endemic to the Nilgiri Hills. Nilgiri tahrs are stocky goats with short, coarse fur and a bristly mane.
8. Kashmir Red Stag (Hangul)
The Kashmir stag also known as Hangul is a critically endangered species. This deer has a light rump patch and don't have a tail. Each of its antlers consists of 5 tines.
9. Lion Tailed Macaque
The lion-tailed macaque, or the wanderoo, is an Old World monkey endemic to the Western Ghats of South India. Its outstanding characteristic is the silver-white mane which surrounds the head from the cheeks down to its chin, which gives this monkey its German name Bartaffe - "beard ape". From 1993 to 1996, 14 troops were observed in Silent Valley National Park, Kerala, one of the most undisturbed viable habitats left for them.
10. Indian Bison (Gaur)
Indian Bison is the largest extant bovine, native to South Asia and South-East Asia. The bisons are highly threatened by poaching for trade to supply international markets.